Emilio Jimenez, Corina Sandu,
Journal of Terramechanics, Volume 81, 2019, Pages 43-56, ISSN 0022-4898
Abstract: Icy road conditions and tire operational parameters play a vital role in determining the overall performance of a vehicle. This study builds on prior work in the researchers’ group. The Advanced Tire-Ice Interface Model (ATIIM) simulates the temperature rise in the contact patch based on the measured pressure distribution and the thermal properties of the tread compound and of the ice surface. It has the capability to simulate the height of the thin water film created from the melted ice, to predict the tractive performance, and to estimate the viscous friction due to the water layer and the influence of braking operations, including the locked wheel condition. The experimental investigation included measuring the bulk temperature distribution in the contact patch to validate the temperature rise simulations of the ATIIM. As shown by the simulations and the test data, a rise in temperature was observed from the leading edge to the trailing edge of the contact patch. As the wheel load increases, the difference in temperature rise increases, as also reflected in the experimental study. When the temperature difference was significant, a thin water film was observed that resulted in a reduction of friction, which was simulated using the ATIIM.
Keywords: Tire-ice interface; Contact patch temperature; Traction performance