Publication news

FE-DEM with interchangeable modeling for off-road tire traction analysis

Kenta Nishiyama, Hiroshi Nakashima, Taiki Yoshida, Hiroshi Shimizu, Juro Miyasaka, Katsuaki Ohdoi

Journal of Terramechanics, Volume 78, August 2018, Pages 15-25, ISSN 0022-4898,

Abstract: This study examines a new finite element/discrete element method (FE-DEM) with interchangeable modeling between FEM and DEM for tire traction analysis. In the method, named iFE-DEM, the soil in a soil bin is modeled initially by FEM except for the region under or near the tire, which is modeled using DEM. When the FEM tire model starts to travel over DEM soil elements, the updated tire location will activate new conversion of modeling from FEM to DEM so that the zone of influence around the contact interface between tire and soil can be analyzed continuously using DEM. Those mobilized DEM elements rearward of the tire might be converted again to FEM elements by assuming that the effect of the stress state in DEM generated by tire travel might be negligible. The computational time for two-dimensional iFE-DEM analysis of a slip of 40% using the smallest region of initial DEM under the tire could be reduced to 23% of that obtained using DEM only soil modeling.

Keywords: FEM; DEM; Interchangeable modeling; Soil-wheel system; Traction performance