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Suitability of rubber track as traction device for power tillers

Showkat Rasool, Hifjur Raheman
Journal of Terramechanics, Volume 66, August 2016, Pages 41-47, ISSN 0022-4898,
Suitability of using rubber tracks as traction device in power tillers replacing pneumatic tires was studied using an experimental setup consisting of a track test rig for mounting a 0.80 m × 0.1 m rubber track and a loading device for applying different drawbar pulls. Tests were conducted in the soil bin filled with lateritic sandy clay loam soil at an average soil water content of 9% dry basis by varying the cone index from 300 to 1000 kPa. Data on torque, pull and Travel Reduction Ratio (TRR) were acquired using sensors and data acquisition system for evaluating its performance. Maximum tractive efficiency of the track was found to be in the range of 77–83% corresponding to a TRR of 0.12–0.045. The Net Traction Ratio (NTR) at maximum tractive efficiency was found to be between 0.49 and 0.36.

Using non-linear regression technique, a model for Gross Traction Ratio (GTR) was developed and it could predict the actual values with a maximum variation of 6% as compared to an average variation of 50% with Grisso’s model. Based on this model, tractive efficiency design curves were plotted to achieve optimum tractive performance of track for any given soil condition. 
Keywords: Track tester; Soil bin; Traction ratios; Travel Reduction Ratio; Tractive efficiency