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Finite element analysis of tire traveling performance using anisotropic frictional interaction model

Shingo Ozaki, Wataru Kondo
Journal of Terramechanics, Volume 64, April 2016, Pages 1-9, ISSN 0022-4898,
The traveling performance of off-the-road vehicles, such as construction machinery and exploration rovers, significantly depends on the interaction between the ground and the traveling mechanism, since inelastic ground deformation and frictional sliding phenomena are induced by the vehicle’s movement. In general, a tread surface causes anisotropic frictional interaction behavior on a macroscopic scale. In this study, an acceptable frictional interaction model was implemented to finite element method to rationally examine the anisotropic frictional interaction behavior between the tire and the ground. Finite element analysis of the single tire traveling performance, including certain slippage and side slip (skid), was then carried out to examine the effect of the anisotropic frictional interaction on the numerical results for the drawbar-pull and side force.
Keywords: FEM; Tire–soil interaction; Friction; Anisotropy; Slippage; Slip angle