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Predicting soil fragmentation during tillage operation using fuzzy logic approach

Yousef Abbaspour-Gilandeh, Reza Sedghi
Journal of Terramechanics, Volume 57, February 2015, Pages 61-69, ISSN 0022-4898, (
Abstract: One of the main characteristics of the soil structure, which affects the plant growth and its yield, is its aggregates size. Correct tillage operations leads to prevention from soil degradation and help to maintain and improve its physical, chemical, and biological characteristics. In this paper, a model based on fuzzy logic approach was used to describe the soil fragmentation for seedbed preparation in the composition of primary and secondary tillage implements of subsoiler, moldboard plow and disk harrow as conventional tillage composition in the region. Field experiments were carried out at educational and research farms of faculty of agriculture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. In this paper, an intelligent model, based on Mamdani approach fuzzy modeling principles, was developed to predict soil fragmentation during tillage operation. The model inputs included soil moisture content, tractor forward speed and soil sampling depth. The fuzzy model consisted of 50 rules, in which three parameters of root mean square error (RMSE), relative error (ɛ), and coefficient of determination (R2) were used to evaluate the fuzzy model. These parameters were calculated 0.167%, 3.95%, and 0.988%, respectively. According to the results of this research, the fuzzy model can be introduced as one of the methods for predicting soil fragmentation during the tillage operation with high accuracy.
Keywords: Tillage; Soil fragmentation; Mamdani approach; Fuzzy model