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The minimum size of hydrostatic transmissions for locomotion

Roberto Paoluzzi, Luca G. Zarotti
Journal of Terramechanics, Volume 50, Issue 3, June 2013, Pages 153-164, ISSN 0022-4898
Abstract: The hydrostatic transmissions are often used to drive the locomotion devices of off-road machines (wheeled or tracked). A key factor of their feasibility, in addition to their cost, is the size of the volumetric units (two or more) in the fluid loop. The procedure presented in the paper aims to find the minimum displacement of one pump and one or more motors in parallel, from a set of inputs, among which are the rated engine power and the power ratio (a synthetic figure of merit of the transmission performance). The procedure is applied to one pump and one motor, a simple and popular layout, by using data representative of the commercial units in the heavy duty range and emphasizing the differences between the fixed and variable displacement motor. Moreover, the sensitivity of the results to some critical parameters – in particular, the number of motors and their speed limits – is surveyed. The minimum size also stands as a powerful paradigm to evaluate on a rigorous ground the alternative, and sometimes rather complex, layouts conceived to extend the field of application of the hydrostatic transmissions.
Keywords: Fluid power;Transmissions; Off-road machines; Volumetric machines