Publication news

Multipass coefficients for terrain impacts based on military vehicle type, size and dynamic operating properties

James R. Kane, Paul Ayers, Heidi Howard, Alan Anderson, Daniel Koch
Journal of Terramechanics, Volume 50, Issue 3, June 2013, Pages 175-183, ISSN 0022-4898
Abstract: Quantification of multipass vehicle impacts is needed to determine terrain disturbance during military training. This study, conducted at Fort Riley, Kansas on a clay loam soil, evaluated the multipass terrain impacts of four military vehicles: the M1A1 Main Battle Tank, M998 HMMWV, M985 HEMTT, and M113 APC. Disturbed width and impact severity were assessed along 14 spirals subjected to a maximum of eight passes for a total of 696 impact points. Project goals included evaluating vegetation impacts by tracked and wheeled military vehicles across multiple passes in order to develop coefficients allowing more accurate predictive modeling of vehicle multipass impacts. Multiple passes produce increased vegetative impacts, with multipass coefficients (MPC) ranging from 0.98 to 4.44 depending on vehicle type, size and turn severity. Tracked vehicles were found to have a higher multipass coefficient than wheeled vehicles, with multipass coefficients increasing with vehicle weight and the sharpness of turns. The components of a more theoretical and universal multipass vehicle impact model are discussed. Understanding multipass dynamics will allow land managers to determine the extent and severity of terrain impacts on military training areas and quickly evaluate vehicle environmental impacts when used in conjunction with a GPS-based vehicle tracking system (VTS).
Keywords: Multipass; Tracked; Wheeled; Military lands; Predictive modeling